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Continuous integration (CI) environment variables

Use this reference to configure Semgrep's behavior in CI environments by setting environment variables. You can set these variables within a CI configuration file or your CI provider's interface. Refer to your CI provider's documentation for the correct syntax. Examples are written for a Bash environment unless otherwise stated.

Test environment variables locally
  • Semgrep attempts to autodetect CI environment variables necessary to run CI scans. You can override these values by setting variables explicitly.
  • You can also set many of these environment variables within your local development environment. Set these variables in your command line then run semgrep ci while logged in Semgrep CLI to test these environment variables locally.

Environment variables for configuring scan behavior

These environment variables configure various aspects of your CI job, such as a job's timeout or source of rules.

SEMGREP_APP_TOKEN

Prerequisites
  • You must have a Semgrep AppSec Platform account to use this environment variable.
  • You must have a Semgrep AppSec Platform token. To generate a token, see Creating a SEMGREP_APP_TOKEN.

Set SEMGREP_APP_TOKEN to send findings to Semgrep AppSec Platform and use rules from the Policies page. SEMGREP_APP_TOKEN is incompatible with SEMGREP_RULES.

Example:

export SEMGREP_APP_TOKEN="038846a866f19972ba435754cab85d6bd926ca51107029249eb88441271341ad"
caution

Do not set SEMGREP_RULES environment variable within the same CI job as SEMGREP_APP_TOKEN.

SEMGREP_BASELINE_REF

Set SEMGREP_BASELINE_REF to enable diff-aware scanning for CI providers that are not GitHub Actions or GitLab CI/CD. SEMGREP_BASELINE_REF refers to your codebase's default or trunk branch, such as main or master.

Example:

export SEMGREP_BASELINE_REF="main"
info

SEMGREP_BASELINE_REF is superceded by SEMGREP_BASELINE_COMMIT.

SEMGREP_BASELINE_COMMIT

Set SEMGREP_BASELINE_COMMIT to a commit hash to only show results that are not found in that hash. This environment variable doesn't work if you are not currently in a git directory, there are unstaged changes, or given baseline hash doesn't exist.

info

The value of SEMGREP_BASELINE_COMMIT is superceded when the option --baseline-commit is set as part of the scan command.

SEMGREP_ENABLE_VERSION_CHECK

Set SEMGREP_ENABLE_VERSION_CHECK to 0 to disable version checks when running semgrep ci. By default, Semgrep checks for new versions.

Example:

# Disable version checks when running semgrep ci:
export SEMGREP_ENABLE_VERSION_CHECK="0"

SEMGREP_GHA_MIN_FETCH_DEPTH

tip

Only set SEMGREP_GHA_MIN_FETCH_DEPTH if you are encountering findings duplication within your diff-aware scans.

Set SEMGREP_GHA_MIN_FETCH_DEPTH to configure the minimum number of commits semgrep ci fetches from remote when calculating the merge-base in GitHub Actions. For optimal performance, set SEMGREP_GHA_MIN_FETCH_DEPTH with a higher number of commits. Having more commits available helps Semgrep determine what changes came from the current pull request, fixing issues where Semgrep would otherwise report findings that were not touched in a given pull request. This value is set to 0 by default.

Example:

export SEMGREP_GHA_MIN_FETCH_DEPTH="10"

SEMGREP_GIT_COMMAND_TIMEOUT

Set SEMGREP_GIT_COMMAND_TIMEOUT to set a timeout for each individual Git command that Semgrep runs. The value is in seconds. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes).

Example:

# Set each Git command that Semgrep runs to timeout in 3 minutes:
export SEMGREP_GIT_COMMAND_TIMEOUT="180"

SEMGREP_RULES

Set SEMGREP_RULES to define rules and rulesets for your scan. Findings are logged within your CI environment. SEMGREP_RULES is incompatible with SEMGREP_APP_TOKEN.

Examples:

# Define a single ruleset:
export SEMGREP_RULES="p/default"

# Define multiple rule sources, delimited by a space:
export SEMGREP_RULES="p/default no-exec.yml"
caution

Do not set SEMGREP_APP_TOKEN environment variable within the same CI job as SEMGREP_RULES.

SEMGREP_TIMEOUT

Set SEMGREP_TIMEOUT to define a custom timeout. The value must be in seconds. The default value is 5 seconds. This timeout refers to the maximum amount of time Semgrep spends running a single rule on a single file. By default, it attempts to scan each rule/file combination with this timeout three times; you can control this using --timeout-threshold.

Example:

export SEMGREP_TIMEOUT="20"

By default, Semgrep AppSec Platform autodetects values such as the name of your repository, which Semgrep uses to generate hyperlinks (URLs) to the specific repository code that generated the finding. These hyperlinks are in the Findings page.

Set any as needed or all of the following environment variables to troubleshoot and override autodetected CI environment values.

SEMGREP_BRANCH

Set SEMGREP_BRANCH to define the branch name for the scan, if the branch name is not auto-detected or you want to override it. The branch name is used in the following ways:

  • To track findings in the same branch over time
  • To show in which branches a finding was identified (including links to the branch in the Findings page)

To avoid hardcoding this value, check your CI provider's documentation for available environment variables that can automatically detect the correct values for every CI job.

Examples:

Within a Bash environment:

# This is a hardcoded value and must be changed to scan other branches.
export SEMGREP_BRANCH="juice-shop-1"

Within a Buildkite configuration file:

- label: ":semgrep: Semgrep"
commands:
# Use a Buildkite environment variable.
# It automatically sets the current branch the job is scanning.
- export SEMGREP_BRANCH=${BUILDKITE_BRANCH}
...

Semgrep AppSec Platform will normalize the branch prefix refs/heads/ for findings, so the branch value refs/heads/develop will be treated the same way as develop.

SEMGREP_COMMIT

Set SEMGREP_COMMIT to define the commit hash for the URL used to generate hyperlinks in the Findings page. To avoid hardcoding this value, check your CI provider's documentation for available environment variables that can automatically detect the correct values for every CI job.

Examples:

Within a Bash environment:

# This is a hardcoded value and must be changed to scan other branches.
export SEMGREP_COMMIT="e0802db56318803b09e1023955d4f4767fc934ed"

Within a Bitbucket Pipelines configuration file:

image: atlassian/default-image:latest

pipelines:
default:
- parallel:
- step:
name: 'Run Semgrep scan with current branch'
script:
# Use a Bitbucket Pipelines environment variable.
# It automatically sets the current commit the job is scanning.
- export SEMGREP_COMMIT=$BITBUCKET_COMMIT
...

SEMGREP_REPO_NAME

Set SEMGREP_REPO_NAME to create a repository name when scanning with a CI provider that Semgrep doesn't provide explicit support for. For hyperlinks and PR comments to work, this name should be the same as your repository name understood by your CI provider.

To avoid hardcoding this value, check your CI provider's documentation for available environment variables that can automatically detect the correct values for every CI job.

Semgrep automatically detects SEMGREP_REPO_NAME if your provider is listed in Semgrep AppSec Platform. In this case, there is no need to set the variable. Examples:

Within a Bash environment:

# This is a hardcoded value and must be changed to scan other repositories.
export SEMGREP_REPO_NAME="corporation/s_juiceshop"

Within a CircleCI environment:

jobs:
semgrep-scan:
environment:
...
# Use a CircleCI environment variable.
# It automatically sets the current repository name the job is scanning.
SEMGREP_REPO_NAME: '$CIRCLE_PROJECT_USERNAME/$CIRCLE_PROJECT_REPONAME'
..

SEMGREP_REPO_DISPLAY_NAME

Set SEMGREP_REPO_DISPLAY_NAME to define the name displayed for the project in Semgrep AppSec Platform. By default, SEMGREP_REPO_DISPLAY_NAME has the same value as SEMGREP_REPO_NAME. This allows you to use a different name for your project than the repository name, while retaining hyperlink and PR/MR comment functionality. It can also be used when scanning a monorepo in parts to display each part as a separate project in Semgrep AppSec Platform.

info

This environment variable only works with Semgrep versions 1.61.1 and later.

SEMGREP_REPO_URL

Set SEMGREP_REPO_URL to define the repository URL used to generate hyperlinks in the Findings page. To avoid hardcoding this value, check your CI provider's documentation for available environment variables that can automatically detect the correct values for every CI job.

Examples:

Within a Bash environment:

# This is a hardcoded value and must be changed to scan other repositories.
export SEMGREP_REPO_URL="https://github.com/corporation/s_juiceshop"

Within a CircleCI environment:

jobs:
semgrep-scan:
environment:
...
# Use a CircleCI environment variable.
# It automatically sets the current repository URL.
SEMGREP_REPO_URL: << pipeline.project.git_url >>
...

Environment variable for creating comments in pull or merge requests

The following environment variable enables Semgrep AppSec Platform to create comments within your source code management (SCM) tool when Semgrep scans a pull or merge request. These comments can include code suggestions to fix a finding.

SEMGREP_PR_ID

Set SEMGREP_PR_ID to enable Semgrep to leave PR or MR comments in your SCM. Check your CI provider's documentation for available environment variables that can automatically detect the correct values for every CI job.

The following example uses Azure Pipelines:

...
steps:
- env:
SEMGREP_PR_ID: $(System.PullRequest.PullRequestNumber)
...

Environment variable for creating comments in BitBucket pull requests

BITBUCKET_TOKEN

Set BITBUCKET_TOKEN to enable Semgrep to leave PR or MR comments in Bitbucket Cloud. The value of this environment variable must be a Personal Access Token (PAT) generated from Bitbucket Cloud. See Bitbucket PR comments for instructions.

Example:

- export BITBUCKET_TOKEN=$PAT

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